Vocal Cord Disorders
In the case of vocal cord disorders, the treatment of hoarseness varies according to the disease that causes hoarseness. Because hoarseness itself is not a disease, but a symptom of other diseases.
More surgery used to be done for diseases such as nodules and polyps. However, in recent years, it has been treated more and more with voice training. If necessary, surgery can be performed with a laser. In order for the patient to use their voice correctly, he ensures that nodules and polyps shrink or disappear. Vocal cord paralysis is sometimes caused by diseases such as tumors, and sometimes by goiter surgeries.
It is possible to categorize vocal cord disorders:
Nodules and Polyps: They appear as benign formations. It is a condition that we often encounter in vocal cord disorders. Polyps and nodules should not be confused with each other. Nodules are more often structures in the form of calluses. Polyps, on the other hand, are structures filled with fluid inside. The difficult appearance of the voice or the fact that a person gets tired quickly during a conversation can be a harbinger of this ailment. This ailment is more often encountered due to allergies. Reflux, smoking or alcohol use also provoke discomfort. In the process of treatment, sound therapy can be performed. However, the patient may be offered a number of voice exercises.
Cysts: With any cyst that can form in the body, the cysts that can occur in the vocal cords are almost the same. It cannot be said for certain that there is a reason. But surgical methods are resorted to for its treatment.
Other: Pustulophonia, reinke edema, muscle tension dysphonia, sulcus vocalis, granulomas, paradoxical vocal cord movement, vocal cord paralysis, spasmodic dysphonia, transgender can be counted as voice problems.
Surgery is used as medical methods of treating vocal cord disorders. As another alternative, one can resort to the method of sound therapy. The ailments in question should be treated in a timely manner. Thanks to early detection, permanent damage to the vocal cords is prevented. In addition, patients can return to their old lives in a short time. On the other hand, for the diagnosis of important diseases such as cancer, the symptoms of vocal cord disorders must be taken seriously. In this way, the treatment method can be started early for vocal cord disorders or other diseases.
If hoarseness is caused by a malignant tumor located in the larynx, the patient is treated surgically. In this operation, a part or all of the larynx is removed according to the prevalence of the tumor.