Nasal polyps usually do not give a lot of symptoms unless they block the sinus mouths and reach large sizes. But if they block the sinus mouths, the mucus formed in these cavities cannot circulate and darkens, which can lead to infection and cyst formation in the sinus. In addition, when advanced polyps fill the nasal cavity, nasal congestion can cause symptoms such as impaired olfaction, snoring due to oral breathing, dry mouth, burning in the throat, runny nose.
Nasal polyps are non-malignant formations of pale pink color originating from the nasal and sinus mucosa, which can fill all nasal and sinus cavities in the form of teardrops. Nasal polyps are anatomically located in the nose, they differ from nasal hypertrophy, which is called concrements.
The vast majority of polyps in nasal polyp disease shrink with Intranasal and Systemic Cortico-supportive therapy, and they provide a well-being that improves the quality of life, such as improvement in nasal congestion, increase in smell, and decrease in nasal discharge. If there is an additional allergic rhinitis asthma accompanying the disease; Leukotriene Antagonists, Antihistamines are additional drugs used in the treatment. In acute sinusitis attacks caused by congestion in the sinuses, antibiotics and Non-supportive Anti-Inflammatories, Decongestant drugs can be added to the treatment.
Non-malignant masses that occur in the nose; have a soft texture. It is located inside the nose and does not cause pain. But its occurrence can occur for allergic reasons, as well as due to sinusitis. In addition, it can also occur as a result of the patient’s genetic predisposition. The places of occurrence of the nasal polyp differ. Sometimes it extends to the lower part of the throat, and sometimes it can go out of the nose. If the polyp is small in size, it is unnoticable. But it creates nasal congestion in the patient. It can cause nasal discharge and pain around the eyes. When patients think that their head hurts due to sinusitis, they may find out that they have a nasal polyp. Therefore, it is useful not to disrupt the doctor’s checks. Getting rid of these polyps, which reduce the quality of life of people, will greatly relieve the patient.
For the diagnosis of polyps, it is necessary to undergo tomography. As a result of the examinations, a diagnosis is made that there is a nasal polyp. Then the treatment process is started. It can be medically intervened in the treatment process. If the polyps are large and can not be treated medically, surgical intervention is necessary.
If there is a chronic infection and inflammation of the sinuses due to impaired drainage when nasal polyps block the sinus entrances; If there are polyps that completely fill the nasal cavity and do not respond to medical treatment, surgical treatment should be performed. Surgical treatment is performed as endoscopic sinus surgery with an intranasal approach.